Smashed condimented potato is used in causa Limeña and papa rellena. Every farmer can grow the Nicola today. New Zealand farmers have demonstrated some of the best commercial yields in the world, ranging between 60 and 80 tonnes per hectare, some reporting yields of 88 tonnes potatoes per hectare. Home gardeners often plant a piece of potato with two or three eyes in a hill of mounded soil. Kleinkopf G.E. The Acadian poutine is a ball of grated and mashed potato, salted, sometimes filled with pork in the centre, and boiled. 2. The discovery of acrylamides in starchy foods in 2002 has led to international health concerns. 一覧 [編集] ニコラ (雑誌) (nicola) - 新潮社の女子小中学生向けファッション雑誌。 ニコラ - バニラビーンズの楽曲。 ニコラ - 坂本真綾の楽曲。アルバム『シンガーソングライター』に収録 ニコラ (映画) (英語版) (原題:La Classe de neige) - 1998年のフランス映画。 Potatoes do not keep very well in storage and are vulnerable to moulds that feed on the stored tubers and quickly turn them rotten, whereas crops such as grain can be stored for several years with a low risk of rot. The Moche culture from Northern Peru made ceramics from earth, water, and fire. A creamer potato is a variety of potato harvested before it matures to keep it small and tender. The potato cyst nematode is a microscopic worm that thrives on the roots, thus causing the potato plants to wilt. Sie erhebt dabei keinen Anspruch auf Vollständigkeit. Pei writes, "the potato, for its part, was in disrepute some centuries ago. Commercial harvesting is typically done with large potato harvesters, which scoop up the plant and surrounding earth. While this was a very low value of pesticide residue, it was the highest amongst the 50 vegetables analyzed.[77]. The 16th-century English herbalist John Gerard referred to sweet potatoes as common potatoes, and used the terms bastard potatoes and Virginia potatoes for the species we now call potato. Nicola Siciliano (Napoli, 14 agosto 2002) è un rapper, produttore discografico e fonico italiano. Colcannon is a traditional Irish food made with mashed potato, shredded kale or cabbage, and onion; champ is a similar dish. Andre Cantelmo : I love the Nicola. ", "International Year of the Potato: 2008, Asia and Oceania", "People are spending $14 to send message-bearing potatoes", "6 gifts you can anonymously send to your mortal enemies", "New company lets you send messages on potatoes", "Pembrokeshire Early Potato gets protected European status", Online Potato Pedigree Database for cultivated varieties, GMO Safety: Genetic engineering on potatoes, Solanum tuberosum (potato, papas): life cycle, tuber anatomy at GeoChemBio, Potato, in Cyclopedia of American Agriculture, List of top international rankings by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Potato&oldid=990856045, Crops originating from indigenous Americans, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Quechua-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2018, Articles with failed verification from February 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Potatoes are used to brew alcoholic beverages such as. The short list exists of six varieties and the representatives of the “potato of the year” group selects the “potato of the year”. They are often served as a side dish. Over the years the potato spread from the Netherlands to southern Europe and then to North Africa. The world dedicated 18.6 million hectares (46 million acres) to potato cultivation in 2010; the world average yield was 17.4 tonnes per hectare (7.8 short tons per acre). Average potato yields in developed economies ranges between 38 and 44 tonnes per hectare. Keeping potatoes in the dark for too much time can make them poisonous. ", Business BASF applies for approval for another biotech potato, BASF applies for EU approval for Fortuna GM potato, U.S.D.A. Something went wrong with your message. Y raw yam Why Is Important To Know The Difference When growing potatoes, it’s important to determine whether the desired variety is determinate or indeterminate. It remains an essential crop in Europe, especially Northern and Eastern Europe, where per capita production is still the highest in the world, while the most rapid expansion in production over the past few decades has occurred in southern and eastern Asia, with China and India leading the world in overall production as of 2018. Other favourite dishes are alu tikki and pakoda items. | Old US variety from 1861. She has worked on the development of a … [24][54], According to conservative estimates, the introduction of the potato was responsible for a quarter of the growth in Old World population and urbanization between 1700 and 1900. Seed potato crops are rogued in some countries to eliminate diseased plants or those of a different variety from the seed crop. (2001), South America: (English and Spanish): Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Eurasia: Armenia, Bangladesh, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Tajikistan. It is also occasionally seen in Korean and Thai cuisines. Potatoes (mainly Russets) are commonly used in plant research. In the north of Italy, in particular, in the Friuli region of the northeast, potatoes serve to make a type of pasta called gnocchi. The average quantity of all pesticide traces found in the 2,216 samples was 1.602 ppm. The Tattie scone is a popular Scottish dish containing potatoes. Politique de confidentialité À propos de Wikipédia Contact You are receiving this pop-up because this is the first time you are visiting our site. GM Crop Events developed by J.R. Simplot Co. [87][88][89], There is a big gap among various countries between high and low yields, even with the same variety of potato. All new potato varieties are grown from seeds, also called "true potato seed", "TPS" or "botanical seed" to distinguish it from seed tubers. [82], On the other hand, temperatures below 4 °C (39 °F) convert the starch in potatoes into sugar, which alters their taste and cooking qualities and leads to higher acrylamide levels in the cooked product, especially in deep-fried dishes. The word has an unknown origin and was originally (c. 1440) used as a term for a short knife or dagger, probably related to the Latin spad- a word root meaning "sword"; compare Spanish espada, English "spade", and spadroon. and N. Olsen. Good storage. Potatoes need to be grown from what’s called a ‘seed potato,’ which is part of a potato that … Anthocyanins mainly responsible for red or blue pigmentation in potato cultivars do not have nutritional significance, but are used for visual variety and consumer appeal. Egypt now have some of the largest Nicola stocks. Maybe it was seen as spam, please browse some more articles on our site before trying again. This fits your . This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 22:09. Eligible for "potato of the year" are varieties of potatoes, which can be grown without license, because they are older than 30 years. It is cultivated in the Netherlands on an area of approximately 3,500 hectares. Some Englishmen who did not fancy potatoes formed a Society for the Prevention of Unwholesome Diet. At this phase, several factors are critical to a good yield: optimal soil moisture and temperature, soil nutrient availability and balance, and resistance to pest attacks. A selection criterion is the previous achievements of the variety, such as a particular resistance or a characteristic taste or - as in Nicola - a special production value for farming. Wild potato species, originating in modern-day Peru, can be found throughout the Americas, from the United States to southern Chile. Planta este cultivată pentru acești tuberculi care sunt comestibili, bogați în amidon, motiv pentru care sunt folosiți în … The taste is mild and the potato has a very fine consistency. The chain deposits into an area where further separation occurs. A group of "propagators", half of them organic farmers, ensures the preservation of the Nicola variety. They belong to eight or nine species, depending on the taxonomic school. The Nicola is a cross between the variety “Clivia” and a wild potato variety. The “potato of the year” is chosen by representatives of the “potato of the year” group. Other major producers were India, Russia, Ukraine and the United States. It has good resistance to common and powdery scab, one form of eelworm and leafroll virus. And nowadays the Nicola is still popular in Holland. [15], The name spud for a small potato comes from the digging of soil (or a hole) prior to the planting of potatoes. In the UK, most seed potatoes originate in Scotland, in areas where westerly winds reduce aphid attack and the spread of potato virus pathogens. Different potato varieties contain different levels of glycoalkaloids. Commercial growers cover them by piling additional soil around the base of the plant as it grows (called "hilling" up, or in British English "earthing up"). Shortly after the approval in 1973 Dutch potato farmers showed interest in the Nicola and started growing them. Wound-response studies are often done on potato tuber tissue, as are electron transport experiments. Nicola Widely grown Dutch variety, one of the best for boiling, also good in salads 3. The only requirement involves cooking to swell the starch granules. The potato is a root vegetable native to the Americas, a starchy tuber of the plant Solanum tuberosum, and the plant itself is a perennial in the nightshade family, Solanaceae. [41], Genetic research has produced several genetically modified varieties. … Like all parts of the plant except the tubers, the fruit contain the toxic alkaloid solanine and are therefore unsuitable for consumption. Apart from the 5,000 cultivated varieties, there are about 200 wild species and subspecies, many of which can be cross-bred with cultivated varieties. Potatoes are also used for purposes other than eating by humans, for example: Peruvian cuisine naturally contains the potato as a primary ingredient in many dishes, as around 3,000 varieties of this tuber are grown there. Lapin puikula 已在芬兰种植了几个世纪,在沐浴着午夜阳 … It presents a theme representative of the peasants' struggle for survival. Potatoes are prepared in many ways: skin-on or peeled, whole or cut up, with seasonings or without. 2006 Blue Swede (also Blue Congo or Idaho Blue); “potatoes don’t have to be yellow”, 2007 Linda; "Because she has to be saved", 2008 Bamberg potato; "By foodies revered variety", 2009 Adretta; "Significant DDR variety that has survived the fall of the wall", 2010 Sieglinde; “from 1945 to 1970 a star on the potato sky”, 2011 Ora; “Floury DDR variety, perfect for mashed potatoes”, 2012 Bintje; “An 80 year old beauty from Holland”, 2013 Rosa Tannenzapfen, pink potatoes; “Great taste and beautiful color”, 2014 Granola; “Great taste and incredibly versatile”, 2015 Heideniere: "Rediscovered variety with exceptional taste”, Spokesperson of the “potato of the year” group, Based on your current location, we selected the Europe edition of FreshPlaza.com for you, You are currently in the Europe edition of FreshPlaza.com. [65] While a normal potato tuber has 12–20 mg/kg of glycoalkaloid content, a green potato tuber contains 250–280 mg/kg and its skin has 1500–2200 mg/kg. [60], In the UK, potatoes are not considered by the National Health Service (NHS) as counting or contributing towards the recommended daily five portions of fruit and vegetables, the 5-A-Day program.[61]. Good ground preparation, harrowing, plowing, and rolling are always needed, along with a little grace from the weather and a good source of water. One popular favourite involves a baked potato with cheddar cheese (or sour cream and chives) on top, and in New England "smashed potatoes" (a chunkier variation on mashed potatoes, retaining the peel) have great popularity. Among American Jews, the practice of eating latkes (fried potato pancakes) is common during the festival of Hanukkah. It is believed to have originated from the German Klöße, prepared by early German settlers who lived among the Acadians. [74] Other potato diseases include Rhizoctonia, Sclerotinia, black leg, powdery mildew, powdery scab and leafroll virus. This is a list of potato varieties or cultivars. The United States was the most productive country, with a nationwide average yield of 44.3 tonnes per hectare (19.8 short tons per acre). It was Mario Pei's 1949 The Story of Language that can be blamed for the word's false origin. E raw cassava [56], In 2018, world production of potatoes was 368 million tonnes, led by China with 27% of the total (table). Today they are a staple food in many parts of the world and an integral part of much of the world's food supply. Dosa from South India in particular in Tamil Nadu is almost always taken with smashed potato masal in. If you keep getting this message, please browse some more articles on our before! < < Back | FreshPlaza.com 113 ], Under optimum conditions in commercial warehouses, have! 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